We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. (Thomas Jefferson)
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Human rights are principles that describe certain standards of human behavior. The understanding of principles and standards is in general based on moral or norms that are regularly protected as legal rights in national and international law. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy defines human rights as “norms that help to protect all people everywhere from sever political, legal, and social abuses”. Regarding this understanding, human rights become to be standards or norms for human being. They are commonly, inalienable and fundamental rights. Each person is inherently entitled to them not because of his or her location, language, nation, religion, ethic origin and status, but because of the incontrovertible fact that he or she is a human being.
Because of the cultural effect of human rights, several disciplines of Humanities are interested to fundamental questions in the field of human rights such as Philosophy, Sociology and Law. The research group of Human Rights in Discourse of Intercultural Studies is mainly, but not solely, interested in the interdisciplinary approach to the human rights based on intercultural theories. Regarding the fact that culture today will be understandable as “pluraler tandum” (Werner Hamacher), the relationship of culture and standards or norms is in the center of attention. How could we understand diversity of cultures and talk about norms at the same time?